Liquid storage tanks are necessary for many different industries, including but not limited to processing, agriculture, refining, and energy. Many unique types of water and chemical storage tanks serve specific purposes for every industry.
When you’re installing a new storage tank at your facility, you must choose the right type of tank for the safety of your employees and the environment around you. Learn how to choose the correct storage tank for your industry and find the best tank to suit your company’s needs.
Pick a Material That Matches the Liquid’s Storage Needs
The most important factor to consider when buying a new storage tank is what it will contain. While water can sit comfortably in any type of tank material, a corrosive liquid could chew through and damage concrete or metal without the proper protection. The EPA regulates hazardous chemicals stored in underground storage tanks and requires secondary containment—such as a tank liner—to prevent dangerous leaks.
If you’re storing potable water, you must make sure the storage tank is made of a potable material. Many water tanks are composed of plastic or concrete with a potable tank liner for safety. Remember that an aboveground, metal tank will heat up or cool down with the weather—this is important if you need to avoid heating up or freezing the liquid.
Consider Your Budget
Different tank materials and tank sizes vary in price, so if you’re on a budget, you must consider this when choosing the correct storage tank for your industry. When constrained to a certain material, you may not have the luxury of choosing based on price range—however, when choosing a water tank, you have options.
One of the many benefits of concrete water tanks is the cheaper cost—just make sure you maintain it and check it regularly for damage. Fiberglass tanks, however, tend to be on the more expensive end of the price range.
Aboveground or Underground?
Finally, you’ll need to consider where to place the tank. As mentioned above, hazardous chemicals must follow EPA regulations when stored in underground tanks. Aboveground tanks with hazardous chemicals may need to follow local or state regulations instead.
Aboveground tanks are easier to install and maintain, but provide less storage space and are more likely to sustain damage from severe weather. Underground tanks can be massive in size but make it more difficult to find structural issues or leaks.
Make sure to weigh every element of your industry’s liquid storage needs before making the crucial decision of what tank to buy. Read any relevant local regulations along with EPA guidelines to ensure you’re making the right choice.