Working in the mining industry requires different types of machinery. These machines help do different things at the job site, which is usually very elaborate at a mining operation. From crushing and grinding equipment to blasting tools and excavators, you’ll find machines scaled for all types of mines. Let’s look at the equipment needed for mining companies in this brief guide.
Drills are an essential tool for any mining operation. When the material is beneath the ground, it needs to be brought up to the surface. Underground mining equipment such as diggers, loaders, and trucks are used to withdraw the material from the ground and transfer them to the surface with lifts for future processing. Over the years, underground drilling techniques have improved significantly, and remote-controlled mining has been introduced for better drilling efficiency.
Blasting tools are also a vital component of the mining industry. Blasting tools eliminate unwanted pockets of waste. To minimize material handling costs, unmanned drill rigs will drill predetermined holes on a blast face. This ensures that a specific size fraction of the material is achieved. The blasted rocks and other materials are recovered by an excavator.
Earthmovers are required for mining operations above ground. They transport loose soil from one location to another. These machines are designed to facilitate large mining and earthmoving projects. Earthmovers work in close tandem with bulldozers. Bulldozers are used to create a working space by moving excess materials.
Crushing equipment is designed specifically for breaking down material into manageable pieces for easier conveying. Like the other pieces of equipment, crushing equipment can be scaled for any operation and even come custom-made. When the raw material is brought above ground, it is transported from the mine to the crusher, which then separates the usable material from the waste.
Screening machinery is designed to sort out raw materials even further. Usually paired with a crusher, it is the most effective solution to separate materials to achieve an end product sold in the marketplace. Vibrations are used with a screen to divide the materials into even more refined pieces. Vibrating screens and feeders are essential pieces of equipment for any mining operations.
Feeding, Conveying, and Analysis
When the material is ready for crushing, a conveying unit will help control the amount of material fed into the crusher. Feeding and conveying equipment work in tandem to control material flow. Analysis equipment, such as a scale system, regulates material load and monitors production output.
We hope this brief guide on equipment needed for mining companies has provided insight as to how a mine works and the different types of machinery used that you’ll often encounter in the mining industry. If you are interested in learning more about the mining industry, it’s essential to know how these machines work for a basic understanding of the mining industry.